Dating service northern german city
In the 14th century the main churches of Hanover were built, as well as a city wall with three city gates.
The beginning of industrialization in Germany led to trade in iron and silver from the northern Harz Mountains, which increased the city's importance.
Its original name Honovere may mean "high (river)bank", though this is debated (cf. Hanover was a small village of ferrymen and fishermen that became a comparatively large town in the 13th century, receiving town privileges in 1241, due to its position at a natural crossroads.
As overland travel was relatively difficult, its position on the upper navigable reaches of the river helped it to grow by increasing trade.
Hanover hosts annual commercial trade fairs such as the Hanover Fair and the Ce BIT.
Every year Hanover hosts the Schützenfest Hannover, the world's largest marksmen's festival, and the Oktoberfest Hannover, the second largest festival of its kind in Germany. The Hanover fairground, due to numerous extensions, especially for the Expo 2000, is the largest in the world.
In 1837, the personal union of the United Kingdom and Hanover ended because William IV's heir in the United Kingdom was female (Queen Victoria). Thus, Hanover passed to William IV's brother, Ernest Augustus, and remained a kingdom until 1866, when it was annexed by Prussia during the Austro-Prussian war.
Despite Hanover being expected to defeat Prussia at the Battle of Langensalza, Prussia employed Moltke the Elder's Kesselschlacht order of battle to instead destroy the Hanoverian army.
It was recaptured by Anglo-German forces led by Ferdinand of Brunswick the following year.In 1636 George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruler of the Brunswick-Lüneburg principality of Calenberg, moved his residence to Hanover.The Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg were elevated by the Holy Roman Emperor to the rank of Prince-Elector in 1692, and this elevation was confirmed by the Imperial Diet in 1708.After Napoleon imposed the Convention of Artlenburg (Convention of the Elbe) on July 5, 1803, about 35,000 French soldiers occupied Hanover.The Convention also required disbanding the army of Hanover.